The Orlando Law Group

Litigation

Our attorneys have extensive experience in a wide range of civil litigation, including actions involving personal injury, insurance, professional liability, real estate, construction, and more. While we believe in settling when it is appropriate for our clients, we also believe that there are some cases that should not be settled. Our lawyers can handle all aspects of litigation.

Our attorneys have past experience practicing insurance defense. They defended hospitals, doctors, nursing homes, and surgery centers in medical malpractice claims. They also defended insurance companies regarding slip and falls, product liability and car accidents. Because of this experience, we know how insurance companies think. Additionally, we have the experience to effectively and aggressively litigate your case.

It is important to remember that there are statutes of limitations that apply to personal injury cases. This means that there is a time limit in which you can pursue a lawsuit. For this reason, it is recommended that you contact an attorney without delay to protect your right to file a lawsuit.

Service Offerings:

  • Appellate
  • Business Disputes
  • Landlord Tenant Litigation
  • Mortgage Foreclosures
  • Construction Litigation
  • E-Discovery & Information Management
  • Employment Litigation
  • Insurance Litigation
  • Products Liability
  • Premises Liability
  • Real Estate Litigation
  • State & Local Litigation
  • Trusts, Estates, Guardianship & Other Fiduciary Litigation

Meet Your OLG Attorneys

Jennifer A. Englert

Jennifer A. Englert
Attorney & Managing Partner
(407) 512-4394
jenglert@theorlandolawgroup.com

Kimberly E. Hosley

Christie Mitchell

Jeffrey W. Smith

Sophia Dean

Brian T. Dunmire

Wendy Hernandez O’Donnell

Wendy Hernandez O’Donnell
Attorney
(407) 512-4394
wodonnell@theorlandolawgroup.com

Nicole Rofé

Cameron White


Cameron White
Senior Attorney
(407) 512-4394
cwhite@theorlandolawgroup.com

Jarrod Etheridge


Jarrod Etheridge
Attorney
(407) 512-4394
jetheridge@theorlandolawgroup.com

Marsha Summersill


Marsha Summersill
Attorney
(407) 512-4394
msummersill@theorlandolawgroup.com

Erika De Jesus


Erika De Jesus
Attorney
(407) 512-4394
edejesus@theorlandolawgroup.com

M. Florence King


M. Florence King
Attorney
(407) 512-4394
fking@theorlandolawgroup.com

Dan Sanders


Dan Sanders
Attorney
(407) 512-4394
dan.sanders@sanderslegalsolutionspllc.com

Often times, a community association relies on an attorney to assist with the modification of its governing documents, and to provide answers to questions that affect not only the rights of the community association but its members as well.

There are certain documents that must be completed by an attorney, based on the fact that they involve the interpretation of Florida Statutes while requiring a level of legal expertise and a familiarity with the Association’s Articles of Incorporation, Bylaws, Covenants, and Declarations. Further, based on the fact that the officers and directors of an association owe a fiduciary duty to its members, it is important to keep in mind that any document pertaining to their obligations, or the obligations of its members, be drafted properly.

What HOA activities require an attorney?

The following activities are considered the unlicensed practice of law if performed or completed, on behalf of the association, by anyone other than an attorney:

  1. Drafting a claim of lien;
  2. Drafting a satisfaction of claim of lien;
  3. Drafting a Notice of Commencement Form;
  4. Determining the timing, method, and form of giving notice of meetings;
  5. Determining the votes necessary for certain actions, which would entail interpretation of certain statutes and rules;
  6. Answering a community association’s question about the application of law to a matter being considered,
  7. advising a community association that an action or course of action may not be authorized by law or rule;
  8. Drafting any document that must comply with Florida law; and
  9. Drafting the documents required to exercise a community association’s right of approval or first refusal to a sale or lease.

Due to the fact that such actions may affect, impair, or enhance the rights of numerous homeowners and their property interests, an attorney should be the one to draft and advise on them. Allowing anyone other than an attorney to complete these tasks opens up the association to liability, as well as the possibility of Florida Statute violations.

What are some HOA activities that are not considered the unlicensed practice of law? 

Based on a Florida Advisory Opinion issued in 1996 and 2015 by the Florida Supreme Court, there are certain documents that can be drafted without the assistance of an attorney. Although this opinion references the actions of a Community Association Manager, the corollary is that it remains applicable to our discussion on HOA board conduct and the conduct of its members. With regard to the actions of non-lawyers, some of the following tasks may be performed:

  1. A change of registered agent or office for corporation’s forms;
  2. Annual corporation reports;
  3. First and second notices of the date of the election;
  4. Ballots;
  5. Written notices of the annual meeting;
  6. Annual meeting or board meeting agendas;
  7. Affidavits of mailing; and
  8. Completing a BPR Form 33-032.

If the additions or amendments pertain specifically to clerical matters and do not involve the interpretation of statutes, documents, or providing legal advice, the above-stated actions may be performed by a non-lawyer.

What are some areas of HOA law that remain unclear?

The Courts have deemed the following areas “grey”, therefore depending on your individual circumstances, you may or may not need an attorney to assist with the following:

  1. Editing a limited proxy form IF the modification involves:
  2. Filling in the name of the community association,
  3. Filling in the name and address of the owner,
  4. Phrasing a yes or no voting question concerning either waiving reserves or waiving the compiled, reviewed or audited financial statements requirement;
  5. Phrasing a yes or no voting question concerning carryover of excess membership expenses; and
  6. Phrasing a yes or no voting question concerning the adoption of amendments to the Articles of Incorporation, Bylaws, or condominium docs.

In addition to the Florida Supreme Court Opinions, an Association’s Declaration and Bylaws typically delineate the powers that a board of directors and its officers possess specifically with regards to the amendment of any governing documents. If such language is not included within the Association’s governing documents, an attorney should be consulted in order to determine how they should be amended.

If you have any questions regarding the actions of your homeowners’ association, or if you need assistance with drafting any of the above-stated documents, do not hesitate to contact The Orlando Law Group at 407.512.4394 to schedule a consultation today.

New FREC Team Advertising Rules; What you need to know.

Today we honor the life of Martin Luther King, Jr. MLK gave society an understanding of what it is like to be unheard and treated wrongly in an unfair world. Fifty-two years later, we as a country are still fighting the wars against racism and inhuman acts. In his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” dated April 16, 1963, Martin Luther King Jr., notes, “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere” (2). Do we not recognize injustice in society today, and if we do, why are these acts portrayed at times across our social media, as a show of contentment rather than a show of disgrace? We as individuals are what solidifies us as a nation. Our arms stretch long in unity, but our prides measure shortness. We still fail and fall short of standing up for what is just and at times sit down for what is unjust.  

We live in a free society, but when outside individuals try to obtain that same freedom, we fail to provide what our Constitution prevails and as MLK stated, “Anyone who lives inside the United States can never be considered an outsider anywhere in this country” (2). However, not only are the outsiders treated morally wrong, but the insiders of this country as well. 

At times laws can become ambiguous, and as individuals we cannot tell the difference between just and unjust laws: 

There are just and there are unjust laws. I would agree with  

Saint Augustine that ‘An unjust law is no law at all.’ Now  

What is the difference between the two? How does one determine 

When a law is just or unjust? A just law is a man-made code  

That squares with the moral law or the law of God. An unjust  

Law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law. To put 

It in the terms of Saint Thomas Aquinas, an unjust law is a  

Human law that is not rooted in external and natural law. Any  

Law that uplifts human personality is just. Any law that  

Degrades human personality is unjust. All segregation statutes 

Are unjust because segregation distorts the soul and damages 

The personality. It gives the segregator a false sense of 

superiority, and the segregated a false sense of inferiority.

 (qtd. in Letter from a Birmingham Jail 7) 

So, the question posed to you on this day, as we honor MLK is what do you stand for and/or what will you stand up for? Will you stand up against the child that is being bullied by his/her classmates, or the man, woman, and/or child, who is being crucified for their appearance, color, sexual preference, or religious views? 

Being quite is never enough to obtain unity and peace for the future.  

The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute. Stanford U, 9 Jan. 2020, www.kinginstitute.stanford.edu/king-papers/documents/letter-birmingham-jail. Accessed 9 January 2020. 

© 2019 The Orlando Law Group.